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AuthorsMatzka, J.* 
Chulliat, A.* 
Mandea, M.* 
Finlay, C. C.* 
Qamili, E.* 
TitleGeomagnetic Observations for Main Field Studies: From Ground to Space
Issue Date20-Oct-2010
Series/Report no./155 (2010)
KeywordsGeomagnetic field
Geomagnetic observatories
Magnetic satellite missions
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.99. General or miscellaneous 
AbstractDirect measurements of the geomagnetic field have been made for more than 400 years, beginning with individual determinations of the angle between geographic and magnetic North. This was followed by the start of continuous time series of full vector measurements at geomagnetic observatories and the beginning of geomagnetic repeat stations surveys in the 19th century. In the second half of the 20th century, true global coverage with geomagnetic field measurements was accomplished by magnetometer payloads on low-Earth-orbiting satellites. This article describes the procedures and instruments for magnetic field measurements on ground and in space and covers geomagnetic observatories, repeat stations, automatic observatories, satellites and historic observations. Special emphasis is laid on the global network of geomagnetic observatories.
Appears in Collections:Papers Published / Papers in press

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