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Authors: Buontempo, S.*
D’Auria, L.*
De Lellis, G.*
Festa, G.*
Gasparini, P.*
Iacobucci, G.*
Marotta, A.*
Martini, M.*
Miele, G.*
Migliozzi, P.*
Pisanti, O.*
Strolin, P.*
Vassallo, M.*
Zollo, A.*
Title: Perspectives for the radiography of Mt. Vesuvius by cosmic ray muons
Title of journal: Earth Planets Space
Series/Report no.: 2/62 ( 2010)
Issue Date: 2010
DOI: 10.5047/eps.2009.05.005
Keywords: Volcanology
cosmic rays
Abstract: The measurements performed in Japan have shown that muon radiography is an “imaging technique” capable of providing information of the internal structure of volcanoes with a resolution and richness of details beyond the reach of conventional, non-imaging techniques. The measurements have been performed using electronic detectors or nuclear emulsions. The latter have shown excellent muon tracking capabilities and space resolution, but are lacking of the capability of electronic detectors to provide data in real time. In this paper, we examine the possibility of developing an electronic detector giving a resolution comparable to that of nuclear emulsions and with a larger area than used so far, in order to see deeper structures inside volcanoes in spite of the strong muon absorption in the rock. We specifically discuss the very challenging application of muon radiography to Mt. Vesuvius, driven by the strong social interest coming from the enormous potential danger which it represents. Applications to other volcanoes can be envisaged.
Appears in Collections:04.08.07. Instruments and techniques
04.02.05. Downhole, radioactivity, remote sensing, and other methods
05.04.99. General or miscellaneous
Papers Published / Papers in press

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