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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/587

Authors: Etiope, G.*
Caracausi, A.*
Favara, R.*
Italiano, F.*
Baciu, C.*
Title: Methane emission from the mud volcanoes of Sicily (Italy)
Title of journal: Geophysical Research Letters
Series/Report no.: 8/29(2002)
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Issue Date: 2002
DOI: 10.1029/2001GL014340
URL: http://www.agu.org/
Keywords: methane
flux measurements
Sicily
Abstract: Mud volcanoes represent the largest expression of natural methane release into the atmosphere; however, the gas flux has never been investigated in detail. Methane output from vents and diffuse soil degassing is herewith reported for the first time. Measurements were carried out at 5 mud volcano fields around Sicily (Italy). Each mud volcano is characterized by tens of vents and bubbling pools. In the quiescent phase, methane emission from single vents ranges between 0.01 and 6.8 kg/day. Diffuse soil leakage around the vents is in the order of 102–104 mg m 2 d 1. An exceptional flux of 106 mg m 2 d 1 was recorded close to an everlasting fire. Soil CH4 flux is positive even at large distances from the mud volcano fields suggesting a diffuse microseepage over wider areas. A total of at least 400 tons CH4 per year can be estimated over the area investigated alone ( 1.5 km2).
Appears in Collections:01.01.02. Climate
03.04.02. Carbon cycling
03.04.05. Gases
Papers Published / Papers in press

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