Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/5822
AuthorsBarchi, M. R.* 
Ciaccio, M. G.* 
TitleSeismic images of an extensional basin, generated at the hangingwall of a low-angle normal fault: the case of the Sansepolcro basin (Central Italy)
Issue Date2009
Series/Report no.3-4/479 (2009)
DOI10.1016/j.tecto.2009.08.024
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/5822
KeywordsSansepolcro basin;
seismic reflection profiles;
extensional basin;
Central Italy
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.01. Earth Interior::04.01.02. Geological and geophysical evidences of deep processes 
AbstractThe study of syntectonic basins, generated at the hanging-wall of regional low-angle detachments, can help to gain a better knowledge of these important and mechanically controversial extensional structures, constraining their kinematics and timing of activity. Seismic reflection images constrain the geometry and internal structure of the Sansepolcro Basin (the northernmost portion of the High Tiber Valley). This basin was generated at the hangingwall of the Altotiberina Fault (AtF), an E-dipping low-angle normal fault, active at least since Late Pliocene, affecting the upper crust of this portion of the Northern Apennines. The dataset analysed consists of 5 seismic reflection lines acquired in the 80s’ by ENI-Agip for oil exploration and a portion of the NVR deep CROP03 profile. The interpretation of the seismic profiles provides a 3-D reconstruction of the basin’s shape and of the sedimentary succession infilling the basin. This consisting of up to 1200 m of fluvial and lacustrine sediments: this succession is much thicker and possibly older than previously hypothesised. The seismic data also image the geometry at depth of the faults driving the basin onset and evolution. The western flank is bordered by a set of E-dipping normal faults, producing the uplifting and tilting of Early to Middle Pleistocene succession along the Anghiari ridge. Along the eastern flank, the sediments are markedly dragged along the SW-dipping Sansepolcro fault. Both NE- and SW-dipping faults splay out from the NE-dipping, low-angle Altotiberina fault. Both AtF and its high-angle splays are still active, as suggested by combined geological and geomorphological evidences: the historical seismicity of the area can be reasonably associated to these faults, however the available data do not constrain a unambiguous association between the single structural elements and the major earthquakes.
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