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Authors: Passaro, S.*
Milano, G.*
D'Isanto, C.*
Ruggieri, S.*
Tonielli, R.*
Bruno, P. P.*
Sprovieri, A.*
Marsella, E.*
Title: DTM-based morphometry of the Palinuro seamount (Eastern Tyrrhenian Sea): Geomorphological and volcanological implications
Title of journal: Geomorphology
Series/Report no.: (2009)
Publisher: ELSEVIER
Issue Date: 2009
DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.09.041
Keywords: Multibeam bathymetry
Marine volcanoes
Tyrrhenian Sea
Abstract: We present a high resolution DTM of the Palinuro Seamount (PS, Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy) resulting from the processing of multibeam swath bathymetry records acquired during the second leg of the “Aeolian 2007” cruise. PS consists of several superimposed volcanoes aligned along a N100°E strike and measures 55×25 km. The western and the central sectors result from the coalescence of collapse structures (calderas) with younger volcanic cones. The eastern sector reveals a more complex and articulated structure. In the central sector, a volcanic crater with a well-preserved rim not obliterated by erosional events suggests a volcanological rejuvenation of this sector. The presence of flat surfaces on the top of the seamount may be due to the formation of marine terraces during the last sea-level lowering. Lateral collapses on the northern and southern flanks of the seamount are probably related to slope instability, as suggested by the presence of steep slopes (25–40°). The main fault affecting PS strikes N65°E and shows a right lateral component of movement. E–W and N10°E striking faults are also present. Assuming that theN100°E deep-seated fault,which is responsible for theemplacement of PS,movedwith sinistral slips, we interpret the N65°E and the N10°E faults as right-lateral (second order) shear and left-lateral (third order) shear, respectively. Due to the particular location of the Palinuro Seamount, the data presented here allow us to better understand the volcanism and the geodynamic processes of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Appears in Collections:04.04.04. Marine geology
04.04.03. Geomorphology
04.07.02. Geodynamics
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