Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/5744
AuthorsVichi, M.* 
Coluccelli, A.* 
Ravaioli, F.* 
Giglio, F.* 
Langone, L.* 
Azzaro, M.* 
Azzaro, F.* 
La Ferla, R.* 
Catalano, G.* 
Cozzi, S.* 
TitleModelling approach to the assessment of biogenic fluxes at a selected Ross Sea site, Antarctica
Issue Date2009
Series/Report no./6(2009)
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/5744
Keywordsnumerical model
BFM
Antarctica
Ross Sea
biogeochemical model
Subject Classification02. Cryosphere::02.04. Sea ice::02.04.01. Atmosphere/sea ice/ocean interaction 
03. Hydrosphere::03.01. General::03.01.01. Analytical and numerical modeling 
03. Hydrosphere::03.04. Chemical and biological::03.04.01. Biogeochemical cycles 
03. Hydrosphere::03.04. Chemical and biological::03.04.02. Carbon cycling 
03. Hydrosphere::03.04. Chemical and biological::03.04.04. Ecosystems 
AbstractSeveral biogeochemical data have been collected in the last 10 years of Italian activity in Antarctica (ABIOCLEAR, ROSSMIZE, BIOSESO-I/II). A comprehensive 1-D biogeochemical model was implemented as a tool to link observations with processes and to investigate the mechanisms that regulate the flux of biogenic material through the water column. The model is ideally located at station B (175° E–74° S) and was set up to reproduce the seasonal cycle of phytoplankton and organic matter fluxes as forced by the dominant water column physics over the period 1990–2001. Austral spring-summer bloom conditions are assessed by comparing simulated nutrient drawdown, primary production rates, bacterial respiration and biomass with the available observations. The simulated biogenic fluxes of carbon, nitrogen and silica have been compared with the fluxes derived from sediment traps data. The model reproduces the observed magnitude of the biogenic fluxes, especially those found in the bottom sediment trap, but the peaks are markedly delayed in time. Sensitivity experiments have shown that the characterization of detritus, the choice of the sinking velocity and the degradation rates are crucial for the timing and magnitude of the vertical fluxes. An increase of velocity leads to a shift towards observation but also to an overestimation of the deposition flux which can be counteracted by higher bacterial remineralization rates. Model results suggest that the timing of the observed fluxes depends first and foremost on the timing of surface production and on a combination of size-distribution and quality of the autochtonous biogenic material. It is hypothesized that the bottom sediment trap collects material originated from the rapid sinking of freshly-produced particles and also from the previous year's production period.
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