Earth-prints repository, logo   DSpace

About DSpace Software
|earth-prints home page | roma library | bologna library | catania library | milano library | napoli library | palermo library
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/5592

Authors: Burton, M.*
Caltabiano, T.*
Murè, F.*
Salerno, G.*
Randazzo, D.*
Title: SO2 flux from Stromboli during the 2007 eruption: Results from the FLAME network and traverse measurements
Title of journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Series/Report no.: /182 (2009)
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2009
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.11.025
Keywords: SO2 flux
Stromboli
Abstract: SO2 fluxes emitted by Stromboli during the 27th February–2nd April 2007 effusive eruption were regularly measured both by an automatic network of scanning ultraviolet spectrometers and by traverse measurements conducted by boat and helicopter. The results from both methodologies agree reasonably well, providing a validation for the automatic flux calculations produced by the network. Approximately 22,000 t of SO2 were degassed during the course of the 35 day eruption at an average rate of 620 t per day. Such a degassing rate is much higher than that normally observed (150–200 t/d), because the cross-sectional area occupied by ascending degassed magma is much greater than normal during the effusion, as descending, degassed magma that would normally occupy a large volume of the conduit is absent. We propose that the hydrostatically controlled magma level within Stromboli's conduit is the main control on eruptive activity, and that a high effusion rate led to the depressurisation of an intermediate magma reservoir, creating a decrease in the magma level until it dropped beneath the eruptive fissure, causing the rapid end of the eruption. A significant decrease in SO2 flux was observed prior to a paroxysm on 15th March 2007, suggesting that choking of the gas flowing in the conduit may have induced a coalescence event, and consequent rapid ascent of gas and magma that produced the explosion.
Appears in Collections:04.08.01. Gases
Papers Published / Papers in press

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormatVisibility
Burton 2009 JVGR Stromboli 2007 SO2 flux.pdf1.08 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License
Creative Commons


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


Share this record
Del.icio.us

Citeulike

Connotea

Facebook

Stumble it!

reddit


 

Valid XHTML 1.0! ICT Support, development & maintenance are provided by CINECA. Powered on DSpace Software. CINECA