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|Authors: ||Montegrossi, G.*|
|Title: ||RECONSTRUCTION OF POROSITY PROFILE OF AN OFF-SHORE DEEP WELL AND INPUT DATA FOR THE GEOCHEMICAL MODELING OF CO2 STORAGE IN A CARBONATE SALINE AQUIFER, IN ITALY.|
|Issue Date: ||16-Mar-2009|
|Keywords: ||geochemical modeling|
|Abstract: ||CO2 Capture & Storage (CCS) is presently one of the most promising technologies for reducing anthropogenic emissions of CO2. The numerical modeling procedures of geochemical processes are one of the few approaches for investigating the short-long-term consequences of CO2 storage into a deep reservoir. We present the results of a new approach for the reconstruction of thermo-physical properties of an off-shore deep well (situated in the medium Tyrrhenian Sea, only 5 miles from the coast, in the frame of a distensive and relatively high heat flux regime as a whole,with good outcrops, on-shore, of its stratigraphy includes six Late Triassic-Early Jurassic carbonatic formations at the depth of 2500-3700 m b.s.l). We used the well-log coupled with temperature profile and new mineralogical analyses of the outcrops geological formations, being the original core data lacking. This kind of procedure is new as a whole, and it is useful to create background petro-physical data, for reservoir engineering numerical simulations both of mass-transport and geochemical as well as geo-mechanical, in order to asses its general properties, without re-opening the well itself for industrial use, such as CO2 geological storage. The profile of thermal capacity and conductivity, as well as porosity and permeability resulted very well constrained and detailed for further numerical simulation uses.
Porosity is a very important parameter for reservoir engineering, mainly for numerical simulations including geochemical modelling, being strongly necessary for CO2 geological storage feasibility studies, because it allows to compute: i) the reservoir storage capacity for each trapping mechanisms (some algorithms are discussed in the presentation) and ii) the water/rock ratio (one of the input parameter requested by the geochemical software codes). A common problem, working with closed wells with, available the well-log report only, is to obtain data on the thermo-physical properties of the rock. Usually the available well-log report the temperature profile measured during drilling, the mud-loss and some other information on water and gas phase presence. In this work we present a procedure that allow to estimate porosity and permeability of the rock formation from the well-log data joint with a rough mineralogical analyses of the corresponding geological formations outcrop with the use of a boundary condition such as shallow heat flow measurements; a similar approach were presented from some authors that dealt with similar problems e.g. Singh V.K., (2007). The analyses of the rock samples proceed by using i) petro-graphical analyses; ii) calcimetry with Dietrich-Fruhling apparatus in order to analyse the carbonate content of each sample; iii) XRD Rietveld analyses in order to quantify the major mineralogy of each sample and to apply the dolomite correction to the results of calcimetry determination. Rietveld quantification procedure were performed by using Maud v 2.2.; iv) SEM analyses have been accomplished later in details.
Successively, hints about the subsequent geochemical modelling approach are presented. Chemical composition of the aquifer pore water has been has been inferred by batch modeling assuming thermodynamic equilibrium between minerals and a NaCl equivalent brine at reservoir conditions (up to 70 °C and 200 bar). Numerical simulations has been carried out by the PRHEEQC (V2.11) Software Package via corrections to the code default thermodynamic to obtain a more realistic modeling.|
|Appears in Collections:||03.01.01. Analytical and numerical modeling|
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