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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/5292

Authors: Barde-Cabusson, S.*
Finizola, A.*
Revil, A.*
Ricci, T.*
Piscitelli, S.*
Rizzo, E.*
Angeletti, B.*
Balasco, M.*
Bennati, L.*
Byrdina, S.*
Carzaniga, N.*
Crespy, A.*
Di Gangi, F.*
Morin, J.*
Perrone, A.*
Rossi, M.*
Roulleau, E.*
Suski, B.*
Villeneuve, N.*
Title: New geological insights and structural control on fluid circulation in La Fossa cone (Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy)
Title of journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Series/Report no.: /185(2009)
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2009
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.06.002
Keywords: electrical resistivity
self-potential
soil CO2 degassing
temperature
fluid circulation
hydrothermal system
structural boundary
Vulcano
La Fossa cone
Abstract: Electric resistivity tomography (ERT), self-potential (SP), soil CO2 flux, and temperature are used to study the inner structure of La Fossa cone (Vulcano, Aeolian Islands). Nine profiles were performed across the cone with a measurement spacing of 20 m. The crater rims of La Fossa cone are underlined by sharp horizontal resistivity contrasts. SP, CO2 flux, and temperature anomalies underline these boundaries which we interpret as structural limits associated to preferential circulation of fluids. The Pietre Cotte crater and Gran Cratere crater enclose the main hydrothermal system, identified at the centre of the edifice on the base of low electrical resistivity values (b20 Ω m) and strong CO2 degassing, SP, and temperature anomalies. In the periphery, the hydrothermal activity is also visible along structural boundaries such as the Punte Nere, Forgia Vecchia, and Palizzi crater rims and at the base of the cone, on the southern side of the edifice, along a fault attributed to the NW main tectonic trend of the island. Inside the Punte Nere crater, the ERT sections show an electrical resistive body that we interpret as an intrusion or a dome. This magmatic body is reconstructed in 3D using the available ERT profiles. Its shape and position, with respect to the Pietre Cotte crater fault, allows replacing this structure in the chronology of the development of the volcano. It corresponds to a late phase of activity of the Punte Nere edifice. Considering the position of the SP, soil CO2 flux, and temperature maxima and the repartition of conductive zones related to hydrothermal circulation with respect to the main structural features, La Fossa cone could be considered as a relevant example of the strong influence of preexisting structures on hydrothermal fluid circulation at the scale of a volcanic edifice.
Appears in Collections:03.03.02. General circulation
Papers Published / Papers in press
04.01.01. Composition and state
04.08.07. Instruments and techniques
03.02.04. Measurements and monitoring
04.08.01. Gases
04.02.07. Instruments and techniques

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