Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/5168
AuthorsSagnotti, L.* 
Taddeucci, J.* 
Winkler, A.* 
Cavallo, A.* 
TitleCompositional, morphological, and hysteresis characterization of magnetic airborne particulate matter in Rome, Italy
Issue Date27-Aug-2009
Series/Report no.8/10 (2009)
DOI10.1029/2009GC002563
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/5168
Keywordsenvironmental magnetism
particulate matter
pollution
Subject Classification01. Atmosphere::01.01. Atmosphere::01.01.03. Pollution 
04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.09. Environmental magnetism 
AbstractThe magnetic properties of tree leaves may be used to delineate the abundance and dispersal of anthropogenic airborne particulate matter (PM) in urban environments. In the city of Rome, Italy, circulating vehicles are the main source of magnetic PM, already characterized as prevalently lowcoercivity, magnetite-like particles. To further constrain the nature and origin of such magnetic particles, we carried out coupled field emission scanning electron microscopy and a variety of rock magnetic analyses on PM specimens from Quercus ilex leaves and from potential PM sources in circulating motor vehicles in Rome. Fe-rich particles are mostly 0.1–5 µm in size, with irregular shapes and moss-like surface. Particles from disk brakes and diesel and gasoline exhaust pipes show distinct compositional and magnetic hysteresis signatures, suggesting that the magnetic PM collected on tree leaves consists of a mixture of particle populations deriving mostly from the abrasion of disk brakes and, to a lesser extent, from fuel combustion residuals emitted by diesel and gasoline exhausts. The contribution of fine superparamagnetic particles to the overall magnetic assemblage has been evaluated with specific rock magnetic analyses. The combined magnetic and microtextural-compositional analyses provide an effective and original tool to characterize urban PM air pollution.
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