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Authors: Aiuppa, A.*
Bellomo, S.*
Brusca, L.*
D'Alessandro, W.*
Federico, C.*
Title: Natural and anthropogenic factors affecting groundwater quality of an active volcano (Mt. Etna, Italy)
Title of journal: Applied Geochemistry
Series/Report no.: 18(2003)
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2003
Keywords: Hydrogeochemistry
water quality
Mt. Etna
Abstract: New geochemical data on dissolved major and minor constituents in 276 groundwater samples from Etna aquifers reveal the main processes responsible for their geochemical evolution and mineralisation. This topic is of particular interest in the light of the progressive depletion of water resources and groundwater quality in the area. Multivariate statistical analysis reveal 3 sources of solutes: (a) the leaching of the host basalt, driven by the dissolution of magmaderived CO2; (b) mixing processes with saline brines rising from the sedimentary basement below Etna; (c) contamination from agricultural and urban wastewaters. The last process, highlighted by increased concentrations of SO4,NO3, Ca, F and PO4, is more pronounced on the lower slopes of the volcanic edifice, associated with areas of high population and intensive agriculture. However, this study demonstrates that natural processes (a) and (b) are also very effective in producing highly mineralised waters, which in turn results in many constituents (B, V, Mg) exceeding maximum admissible concentrations for drinking water.
Appears in Collections:03.02.06. Water resources
03.02.04. Measurements and monitoring
03.02.03. Groundwater processes
03.04.03. Chemistry of waters
Papers Published / Papers in press

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