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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/4982

Authors: Riccardi, U.*
Berrino, G.*
Corrado, G.*
Hinderer, J.*
Title: Strategies in the processing and analysis of continuous gravity record in active volcanic areas: the case of Mt. Vesuvius
Issue Date: Feb-2008
Series/Report no.: 1/51 (2008)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/4982
Keywords: time gravity changes
gravity record
volcanic processes
air pressure admittance
Abstract: This research is intended to describe new strategies in the processing and analysis of continuous gravity records collected in active volcanic areas and to assess how permanent gravity stations can improve the geophysical monitoring of a volcano. The experience of 15 years in continuous gravity monitoring on Mt. Vesuvius is discussed. Several geodynamic phenomena can produce temporal gravity changes. An eruption, for instance, is associated with the ascent of magma producing changes in the density distribution at depth, and leading to ground deformation and gravity changes The amplitude of such gravity variations is often quite small, in the order of 10-102 nms-2, so their detection requires high quality data and a rigorous procedure to isolate from the records those weak gravity signals coming from different sources. Ideally we need gravity signals free of all effects which are not of volcanic origin. Therefore solid Earth tide, ocean and atmospheric loading, instrumental drift or any kind of disturbances other than due to the volcano dynamics have to be removed. The state of the art on the modelling of the solid Earth tide is reviewed. The atmospheric dynamics is one of the main sources precluding the detection of small gravity signals. The most advanced methods to reduce the atmospheric effects on gravity are presented. As the variations of the calibration factors can prevent the repeatability of high-precision measurements, new approaches to model the instrumental response of mechanical gravimeters are proposed too. Moreover, a strategy for an accurate modelling of the instrumental drift and to distinguish it from longterm gravity changes is suggested.
Appears in Collections:04.02.02. Gravity methods
Annals of Geophysics

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