Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/4856
AuthorsGuidoboni, E.* 
Ciuccarelli, C.* 
TitleFirst historical evidence of a significant Mt.Etna eruption in 1224
Issue Date2008
Series/Report no.4/178(2008)
DOI10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.08.009
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/4856
Keywordshistorical volcanology
Etna
medieval eruptions
historical catalogues
Subject Classification05. General::05.02. Data dissemination::05.02.03. Volcanic eruptions 
AbstractThe 1224 Mt. Etna eruption is a significant event both in terms of the mass of erupted materials and because it involved the lower eastern slope of the volcano, reaching down to the sea. Nevertheless, it is unknown to current historical catalogues. According to the historical sources, only two other lava flows actually reached as far as the sea: in 396 BC, just north of the present-day inhabited area of Acireale, according to the geological data alone, and in 1669, when the lava covered the south-eastern flank of Mt. Etna and damaged Catania. We present and discuss the two medieval sources that attest to the eruption of 1224 and make available the original texts. Furthermore, through the close analysis of the historical and topographic context of the Etna area, taking account of the roads and ports in the early 13th century, we have tried to single out the possible area of the lava's outlet into the sea in 1224 on historical grounds. A repeat of an eruption similar to that of 1224 would have a serious impact to day as the coast is densely populated.
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