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Authors: Mazzarini, F.*
Fornaciai, A.*
Bistacchi, A.*
Pasquarè, F. A.*
Title: Fissural volcanism, polygenetic volcanic fields, and crustal thickness in the Payen Volcanic Complex on the central Andes foreland (Mendoza, Argentina)
Title of journal: Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst.
Series/Report no.: 9/9(2008)
Publisher: AGU
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2008
DOI: 10.1029/2008GC002037
Keywords: volcanic field
crustal shortening
vent distibution
Abstract: Shield volcanoes, caldera-bearing stratovolcanoes, and monogenetic cones compose the large fissural Payen Volcanic Complex, located in the Andes foreland between latitude 35°S and 38°S. The late Pliocene-Pleistocene and recent volcanic activity along E-W trending eruptive fissures produced basaltic lavas showing a within-plate geochemical signature. The spatial distribution of fractures and monogenetic vents is characterized by self-similar clustering with well defined power law distributions. Vents have average spacing of 1.27 km and fractal exponent D = 1.33 defined in the range 0.7–49.3 km. The fractal exponent of fractures is 1.62 in the range 1.5–48.1 km. The upper cutoffs of fractures and vent fractal distributions (about 48–49 km) scale to the crustal thickness in the area, as derived from geophysical data. This analysis determines fractured media (crust) thickness associated with basaltic retroarc eruptions. We propose that the Payen Volcanic Complex was and is still active under an E-W crustal shortening regime.
Appears in Collections:04.07.02. Geodynamics
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