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Authors: Landi, P.*
Corsaro, R. A.*
Francalanci, L.*
Civetta, L.*
Miraglia, L.*
Pompilio, M.*
Tesoro, R.*
Title: Magma dynamics during the 2007 Stromboli eruption (Aeolian Islands. Italy): Mineralogical, geochemical and isotopic data
Title of journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2008
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.11.010
Keywords: Stromboli volcano
petrological monitoring
steady-state system
Sr-Nd isotopes
Abstract: After the 6 month-long effusive event of 2002-2003, a new lava effusion occurred at Stromboli between 27 February and 2 April 2007. Despite the different durations, approximately the same volume of magma was emitted in both eruptions, in the order of 107 m3. A paroxysmal eruption occurred at the summit craters in both the 2002-2003 and 2007 episodes, during which a significant amount of low porphyritic (LP), volatile-rich magma was erupted. In both cases, the paroxysms did not interrupt the lava emission. Here, we present compositional data, including texture, mineralogy, chemistry and Sr and Nd isotope ratios of bulk-rock, groundmass and separated minerals of lavas erupted in 2007, together with chemistry and Sr and Nd isotope composition of the pumices emitted during the 15 March paroxysm. As a whole, the lavas have the same texture and chemistry that characterize the highly porphyritic (HP) products usually erupted at Stromboli during normal Strombolian activity and effusive events. Compared to the previous HP products, the 2007 lavas show minor but systematic mineralogical and isotopic variations which are consistent with a modest increase of the magma supply rate of the volcano. Compositional variations during the entire duration of the event are very modest. Glass chemistry changes in lavas erupted in the second half of March can be explained by the minor mixing between the volatile-rich LP magma rising through the shallow magmatic system during the 15 March paroxysm and the degassed residing HP magma. A first conclusion of this study is that there is no compositional evidence supporting major changes in the magma dynamics of the volcano accompanying the effusive activity, as also suggested for the 2002-2003 event. The activity of Stromboli is controlled by a steady state feeding system in which refilling, mixing, degassing and crystallization at shallow level continuously operate, with modest oscillations in the magma supply rate. Switching between normal Strombolian and effusive activity is related to periods of relatively more vigorous refilling of the shallow system, leading to progressive pressure increase in the upper conduits associated with only minor compositional variations in the erupted products.
Appears in Collections:04.04.07. Rock geochemistry
04.04.05. Mineralogy and petrology
Papers Published / Papers in press

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