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Authors: Palyvos, N.*
Pantosti, D.*
De Martini, P. M.*
Lemeille, F.*
Sorel, D.*
Pavlopoulos, K.*
Title: The Aigion–Neos Erineos coastal normal fault system (western Corinth Gulf Rift, Greece): Geomorphological signature, recent earthquake history, and evolution
Title of journal: Journal of Geophysical Research
Series/Report no.: / 110 (2005)
Publisher: AGU
Issue Date: 14-Nov-2005
DOI: 10.1029/2004JB003165
Keywords: tectonic geomorphology
normal fault evolution
coastal uplift
Aigion fault
western Corinth Gulf
Abstract: At the westernmost part of the Corinth Rift (Greece), an area of rapid extension and active normal faulting, geomorphological observations reveal the existence and geometry of an active NW-SE trending coastal fault system, which includes the Aigion fault. We recognize a similar fault pattern on both the coastal range front to the NW of Aigion town and the Holocene fan deltas in front of it. We interpret this as a result of recent migration of faulting to the hanging wall of the fault system. Differences in the geomorphic expression of the constituent faults provide hints on the possible evolution of the fault pattern during this recent migration. A trench excavated across one of the identified coastal fault scarps (on a Holocene fan delta) provides information on the seismic history of the fault system, which includes at least four (possibly six) earthquakes in the past 4000 years. A minimum estimate for the slip rate of the trenched fault is 1.9–2.7 mm/yr. The trench exposed sediments of an uplifted paleolagoon (approximate age 2000 years B.P.), inside which the last two earthquakes formed an underwater monoclinal scarp. Oscillating coastal vertical movements are suggested by the fact that the lagoonal deposits are also uplifted on the trenched fault hanging wall (uplift by offshore faults) and by the abrupt transition from fluvial to lagoonal deposits (subsidence by more landward faults, assuming that extensive coastal sediment failure has not taken place in the specific part of the fan delta, within the time interval of interest). These movements suggest that the proposed migration of activity from the range front faults to those on the fan deltas is probably still ongoing, with activity on both sets of faults.
Appears in Collections:04.04.03. Geomorphology
04.04.01. Earthquake geology and paleoseismology
Papers Published / Papers in press

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