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Authors: Coltelli, M.*
Proietti, C.*
Branca, S.*
Marsella, M.*
Andronico, D.*
Lodato, L.*
Title: Analysis of the 2001 lava flow eruption of Mt. Etna from three-dimensional mapping
Title of journal: J. Geophys. Res.
Series/Report no.: /112(2007)
Publisher: AGU
Issue Date: 2007
DOI: 10.1029/2006JF000598
Keywords: Etna
2001 eruption
three-dimensional mapping
lava volume
Abstract: The 2001 Etna eruption was characterized by a complex temporal evolution with the opening of seven eruptive fissures, each feeding different lava flows. This work describes a method adopted to obtain the three-dimensional geometry of the whole lava flow field and for the reconstruction, based on topographic data, of the temporal evolution of the largest lava flow emitted from a vent located at 2100 m a.s.l. Preeruption and posteruption Digital Elevation Models (DEM) were extracted from vector contour maps. Comparison of the two DEMs and analysis of posteruption orthophotos allowed us to estimate flow area, thickness, and bulk volume. Additionally, the two-dimensional temporal evolution of the 2100 flow was precisely reconstructed by means of maps compiled during the eruption. These data, together with estimates of flow thickness, allowed us to evaluate emitted lava volumes and in turn the average volumetric flow rates The analysis performed in this paper provided, a total lava bulk volume of 40.1 106 m3 for the whole lava flow field, most of which emitted from the 2100 vent (21.4 106 m3). The derived effusion rate trend shows an initial period of waxing flow followed by a longer period of waning flow. This is in agreement not only with the few available effusion rate measurements performed during the eruption, but also with the theoretical model of Wadge (1981) for the temporal variation in discharge during the tapping of a pressurized source
Appears in Collections:05.02.03. Volcanic eruptions
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