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Authors: Calvari, S.*
Neri, M.*
Pinkerton, H.*
Title: Effusion rate estimations during the 1999 summit eruption on Mt. Etna, and growth of two distinct lava flow fields
Title of journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Series/Report no.: 1-4/119(2003)
Issue Date: 2002
Keywords: lava flow
effusion rate
Mount Etna
Abstract: Detailed studies of the evolution of two major flow fields during the 1999 eruption on Mount Etna provide useful insights into the development of different types of flow fields. During this eruption, two large lava flow fields were emplaced. The Eastern flow field, which formed between Februaryand November, was erupted from three primary vents at the base of the Southeast Cone, one of four eruptive centres in the summit region of Mount Etna. This compound flow field was characterised bya complex tube network, skylights, ephemeral vents and tumuli. Between mid-October and earlyNovember, while the Eastern flow field was still active, another flow field was erupted from the western rim of the Bocca Nuova, one of the other eruptive centres. This Western flow field was emplaced during one month of discontinuous activityand is composed of discrete, channel-fed aPa flow units that formed a fan-shaped flow field. Major periods of flow advance within this flow field took place during phases of relativelyhigh flow rate that lasted a few hours to days. The discontinuous supply prevented the formation of lava tubes within this flow field. The Eastern and Western lava flow fields from the Southeast Cone and Bocca Nuova have distinctive morphologies that reflect their emplacement mechanisms. Manyof these morphological features are large enough to be seen on aerial photographs. This has implications for assessing the emplacement conditions of older flow fields on Earth and on other planets.
Appears in Collections:04.08.06. Volcano monitoring
Papers Published / Papers in press

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