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AuthorsStabile, T. A.* 
Zollo, A.* 
Vassallo, M.* 
Iannaccone, G.* 
TitleUnderwater acoustic channel properties in the Gulf of Naples and their effects on digital data transmission
Issue Date2007
Series/Report no.3 / 50 (2007)
Keywordsunderwater acoustics
signal-to-noise ratio
shallow water
high frequency
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.09. Waves and wave analysis 
AbstractIn this paper we studied the physical properties of the Gulf of Naples (Southern Italy) for its use as a commu- nication channel for the acoustic transmission of digital data acquired by seismic instruments on the seafloor to a moored buoy. The acoustic link will be assured by high frequency acoustic modems operating with a central frequency of 100 kHz and a band pass of 10 kHz. The main operational requirements of data transmission con- cern the near horizontal acoustic link, the maximum depth of the sea being about 300 m and the planned hori- zontal distance between seismic instruments and buoy 2 km. This study constructs the signal-to-noise ratio maps to understand the limits beyond which the clarity of the transmission is no longer considered reliable. Using ray- theory, we compute the amplitudes of a transmitted signal at a grid of 21×12 receivers to calculate the transmis- sion loss at each receiver. The signal-to-noise ratio is finally computed for each receiver knowing also the trans- mitter source level and the acoustic noise level in the Gulf of Naples. The results show that the multipath effects predominate over the effects produced by the sound velocity gradient in the sea in the summer period. In the case of omnidirectional transmitters with a Source Level (SL) of 165 dB and a baud rate of 2.4 kbit/s, the results al- so show that distances of 1400-1600 m can be reached throughout the year for transmitter-receiver connections below 50 m depth in the underwater acoustic channel.
Appears in Collections:Annals of Geophysics
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