Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/2508
AuthorsPessina, V.* 
Franceschina, G.* 
Vannoli, P.* 
Pacor, F.* 
Luzi, L.* 
TitleDamage distribution and seismological model of the November 24, 2004, Salo' (Northern Italy) earthquake
Issue Date2006
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/2508
KeywordsDamage
Seismology
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.04. Ground motion 
AbstractThe West side of lake of Garda, in Northern Italy, was struck by a ML=5.2 earthquake on November 24, 2004. The felt area is rather large (from Venice to Milan) and the damaged area consists of 66 municipalities, with a number of homeless of about 2200 and estimated direct damages of 215 millions of euros. Most of the damaged structures are old masonry buildings and churches, while there were almost no damage to reinforced concrete structures. The observed distribution of macroseismic intensity shows a strong azimuthal dependence, with high intensity level in a 10x10 km2 area located SW to the epicentre and rather large dispersion of values (ranging from V to VII-VIII) in the first 10 km epicentral distance. Taking into account the vulnerability level of the damaged structures and the features of the geological formations, we tried to explain the observed damage distribution in terms of finite fault properties of the source, despite the moderate magnitude of the event. Thus we hypothesised a fault geometry from seismotectonic considerations and we simulated the event by a high frequency simulation technique (Deterministic Stochastic Method, DSM). The synthetic ground motion parameters were converted into intensity values by empirical relationships and local geological conditions were considered to explain some discrepancies between simulated and observed intensities. It was possible to adequately reproduce both the observed distribution of macroseismic intensity and the ground motion recorded by an accelerometric station located at about 13 km epicentral distance.
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