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Authors: Acocella, V.*
Porreca, M.*
Neri, M.*
Massimi, E.*
Mattei, M.*
Title: Propagation of dikes at Vesuvio (Italy) and the effect of Mt. Somma
Series/Report no.: /33 (2006)
Publisher: AGU
Issue Date: 2006
DOI: 10.1029/2005GL025590
Keywords: NONE
Abstract: Dikes provide crucial information on how magma propagates within volcanoes. Somma-Vesuvio (Italy) consists of the active Vesuvio cone, partly bordered by the older Mt. Somma edifice. Historical chronicles on the fissure eruptions in 1694–1944 are matched with an analytical solution to define the propagation path of the related dikes and to study any control of the Mt. Somma relief. The fissures always consisted of the downslope migration of vents from an open summit conduit, indicating lateral propagation as the predominant mechanism for shallow dike emplacement. No fissure emplaced beyond Mt. Somma, suggesting that its buttressing hinders the propagation of the radial dikes. An analytical solution is defined to describe the mechanism of formation of the laterally propagating dikes and to evaluate the effect of topography. The application to Somma-Vesuvio suggests that, under ordinary excess magmatic pressures, the dikes should not propagate laterally at depths >240–480 m below the surface, as the increased lithostatic pressure requires magmatic pressures higher than average. This implies that, when the conduit is open, the lateral emplacement of dikes is expectable on the S, Wand E slopes. The lack of fissures N of Mt. Somma is explained by its buttressing, which hinders dike propagation. Citation: Acocella, V., M. Porreca, M. Neri, E. Massimi, and M. Mattei (2006), Propagation of dikes at Vesuvio (Italy) and the effect of Mt. Somma, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L08301, doi:10.1029/2005GL025590.
Appears in Collections:01.01.03. Pollution
Papers Published / Papers in press
04.04.09. Structural geology
04.07.07. Tectonics

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