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Authors: Remitti, M.*
Pugnaghi, S.*
Teggi, S.*
Title: Mt. Etna aerosol optical thickness from MIVIS images
Issue Date: Feb-2006
Series/Report no.: 49/1
Keywords: remote sensing
aerosol optical thickness
Mt. Etna volcano
Abstract: This work focuses on the evaluation of Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT) in Mt. Etna volcano area starting from the analysis of MIVIS VIS images. MIVIS images and ancillary data (atmospheric profiles, photometric measurements, atmospheric infrared radiances, surface temperatures, ground reflectances, SO2 abundances) were collected during the «Sicily ’97» campaign. Data elaboration was performed with extensive use of 6S radiative transfer model, determining optical thickness with an inversion algorithm that uses atmospheric vertical profile, ground reflectance data and radiance measured by the first MIVIS spectrometer (channels 1-20; range 0.44-0.82 n). Ground reflectance is the most problematic parameter for the algorithm. In order to have a low and ‘uniform’ surface reflectance, only pixels located at an altitude between 2000-3000 m a.s.l. were analysed. At this altitude,AOT is very low during non-eruptive periods: at Torre del Filosofo (2920 m a.s.l.) on June 16th 1997, during one MIVIS flight, AOT at 0.55 n was 0.19. The uncertainty about ground reflectance produces significant errors on volcanic background AOT, and in some cases the error is up to 100%. The developed algorithm worked well on volcanic plume, allowing us to determine the plume related pixels’AOT. High plume AOT values minimize the problems deriving from reflectance uncertainty. Plume optical thickness shows values included in a range from 0.5 to 1.0. The plume AOT map of Mt. Etna volcano, derived from a MIVIS image of June 16th 1997, is presented.
Appears in Collections:04.08.06. Volcano monitoring
04.02.05. Downhole, radioactivity, remote sensing, and other methods
Annals of Geophysics

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