Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/11312
Authors: Cucci, Luigi* 
Di Luccio, Francesca* 
Esposito, Alessandra* 
Ventura, Guido* 
Title: Vein networks in hydrothermal systems provide constraints for the monitoring of active volcanoes
Issue Date: 2017
Series/Report no.: /7 (2017)
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-00230-8
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/11312
Abstract: Vein networks affect the hydrothermal systems of many volcanoes, and variations in their arrangement may precede hydrothermal and volcanic eruptions. However, the long-term evolution of vein networks is often unknown because data are lacking. We analyze two gypsum-filled vein networks affecting the hydrothermal field of the active Lipari volcanic Island (Italy) to reconstruct the dynamics of the hydrothermal processes. The older network (E1) consists of sub-vertical, N-S striking veins; the younger network (E2) consists of veins without a preferred strike and dip. E2 veins have larger aperture/length, fracture density, dilatancy, and finite extension than E1. The fluid overpressure of E2 is larger than that of E1 veins, whereas the hydraulic conductance is lower. The larger number of fracture intersections in E2 slows down the fluid movement, and favors fluid interference effects and pressurization. Depths of the E1 and E2 hydrothermal sources are 0.8 km and 4.6 km, respectively. The decrease in the fluid flux, depth of the hydrothermal source, and the pressurization increase in E2 are likely associated to a magma reservoir. The decrease of fluid discharge in hydrothermal fields may reflect pressurization at depth potentially preceding hydrothermal explosions. This has significant implications for the longterm monitoring strategy of volcanoes.
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