Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/11299
Authors: Di Giuseppe, Maria Giulia* 
Troiano, Antonio* 
Carlino, Stefano* 
Title: Magnetotelluric imaging of the resurgent caldera on the island of Ischia (southern Italy): inferences for its structure and activity
Issue Date: 2017
Series/Report no.: /79 (2017)
DOI: 10.1007/s00445-017-1170-4
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/11299
Keywords: Magnetotelluric imaging
Laccolith
Island of Ischia
Resurgent caldera
Subject Classification04.02. Exploration geophysics 
Abstract: The island of Ischia (located in the Bay of Naples, Italy) represents a peculiar case of a well-exposed caldera that has experienced a large (>800 m) and rapid resurgence, ac- companied by volcanic activity. What drives the resurgence of calderas is a crucial issue to investigate, because this process is associated with potential eruptions and high risk to people living within and around such large active volcanic systems. To improve the knowledge of volcano-tectonic processes af- fecting the caldera of Ischia, electromagnetic imaging of the structures associated with its resurgence was performed and integrated with available geological information. A magnetotelluric (MT) survey of the island was carried out along two main profiles through the central-western sector, providing an electrical resistivity map to a depth of 3 km. These resistivity cross sections allowed us to identify the pres- ence of a very shallow magmatic intrusion, possibly a lacco- lith, at a depth of about 1 km, which was responsible for both the resurgence and the volcanic activity. Furthermore, the tec- tonic structures bordering the resurgent area and the occur- rence of a large thermal anomaly in the western sector of the caldera also provided a signature in the resistivity cross sec- tions, with the magma intrusion producing advection of hot fluids with high geothermal gradients (>150 °C km−1) in the southern and western sectors. All of these data are fundamen- tal for the assessment of the island’s volcano-tectonic dynam- ics and their associated hazards. The structure and activity of the island have been controlled by the process of resurgence associated with the arrival of new magma and the progressive intrusion of a laccolith at a shallow depth. The reactivation of such a shallow system may imply imminent eruption which would pose a major volcanic hazard.
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