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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/1125

Authors: Yokoyama, I.*
Title: Growth rates of lava domes with respect to viscosity of magmas
Issue Date: Dec-2005
Series/Report no.: 48 (6)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/1125
Keywords: lava domes
squeeze of magma
growth rates of domes
Hagen-Poiseuille Law
macroscopic viscosity
Abstract: In the discussion of lava dome formation, viscosity of magma plays an important role. Measurements of viscosity of magmas in field and laboratory are briefly summarized. The types of lava dome emplacements are classified into two, squeeze- and spine-type, by kinetic processes. The squeeze-type is the formation of a dome as a result of squeezes of magma through conduits and the latter is solidified magma forced to ascend by underlying fluid magma. An important parameter in the formation of such lava domes is their growth rates. Lava domes of squeeze-type are governed by the Hagen-Poiseuille Law which involves their viscosoties and other eruption parameters. At present, the real viscosity of magmas at the site of lava dome is still inaccessible. In order to avoid uncertainty in viscosity of magmas, a conception of «macroscopic viscosity» is proposed, which involves effects of chemical components, mainly SiO2 and volatile material, crystals and temperature, and their changes with time. Lava dome formations during the 20th century are briefly examined and their growth rates are estimated. The relationship between the growth rates and the SiO2 content of the magma is statistically studied, and the macroscopic viscosity is empirically expressed as a function of SiO2 content. The linearity between the two parameters is reasonably interpreted. This means that formation processes of lava domes are dominantly controlled by macroscopic viscosity of magma.
Appears in Collections:04.08.03. Magmas
Annals of Geophysics

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