Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/10928
Authors: Gaudin, D.* 
Taddeucci, Jacopo* 
Houghton, B. F.* 
Orr, T. R.* 
Andronico, Daniele* 
Del Bello, E.* 
Kueppers, U.* 
Ricci, Tullio* 
Scarlato, Piergiorgio* 
Title: 3-D high-speed imaging of volcanic bomb trajectory in basaltic explosive eruptions
Issue Date: 2016
Series/Report no.: /17 (2016)
DOI: 10.1002/2016GC006560
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/10928
Abstract: Imaging, in general, and high speed imaging in particular are important emerging tools for the study of explosive volcanic eruptions. However, traditional 2-D video observations cannot measure volcanic ejecta motion toward and away from the camera, strongly hindering our capability to fully determine crucial hazard-related parameters such as explosion directionality and pyroclasts’ absolute velocity. In this paper, we use up to three synchronized high-speed cameras to reconstruct pyroclasts trajectories in three dimensions. Classical stereographic techniques are adapted to overcome the difficult observation conditions of active volca- nic vents, including the large number of overlapping pyroclasts whichmay change shape in flight, variable light- ing and clouding conditions, and lack of direct access to the target. In particular, we use a laser rangefinder to measure the geometry of the filming setup andmanually track pyroclasts on the videos. This method reduces uncertainties to 108 in azimuth and dip angle of the pyroclasts, and down to 20% in the absolute velocity esti- mation.We demonstrate the potential of this approach by three examples: the development of an explosion at Stromboli, a bubble burst at Halema’uma’u lava lake, and an in-flight collision between two bombs at Stromboli
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