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Authors: Peppoloni, Silvia* 
Di Capua, Giuseppe* 
Title: Ethics
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
ISBN: 978-3-319-12127-7
Keywords: Ethics
Engineering Geology
Research Integrity
Code of ethics
Subject Classification05.03. Educational, History of Science, Public Issues 
05.09. Miscellaneous 
04.04. Geology 
Abstract: In line with the concept proposed by Aristotle (384–322 BC), ethics reflects on the conduct of humans and the criteria with which to evaluate behaviors and choices in order to identify “true good” including the means to achieve this goal. It also addresses the moral duties of humans towards themselves and others, and what is the right thing to do when facing a decision. Regarding the practice of a profession, ethics is the identification of duties and rights that regulate the professional activity (deontology) by members of a social group, who are characterized by the possession of specific technical scientific knowledge, methods and tools for its application. There are values that the human community accepts as universally representative of individual and social good, because of the universal character of the human species itself, such as honesty, justice, responsibility, respect for life, and the environment. However, depending on the cultural context, and considering time and place, the ways in which values are applied can change. In the end, ethics concerns all humans, without distinction, and especially those who have major scientific, political, and social roles, and who certainly have to face issues of great ethical value.
Appears in Collections:Book chapters

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