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Authors: Roselli, Pamela* 
Marzocchi, Warner* 
Faenza, Licia* 
Title: Toward a New Probabilistic Framework to Score and Merge Ground‐Motion Prediction Equations: The Case of the Italian Region
Issue Date: 2016
Series/Report no.: /106 (2016)
DOI: 10.1785/0120150057
Abstract: The ground-motion prediction equation (GMPE) is a basic component for probabilistic seismic-hazard analysis. There is a wide variety of GMPEs that are usually obtained by means of inversion techniques of datasets containing ground motions recorded at different stations. However, to date there is not yet a commonly accepted procedure to select the best GMPE for a specific case; usually, a set of GMPEs is implemented (more or less arbitrarily) in a logic-tree structure, in which each GMPE is weighted by experts, mostly according to gut feeling. Here, we dis- cuss a general probabilistic framework to numerically score and weight GMPEs, highlighting features, limitations, and approximations; finally, we put forward a numerical procedure to score GMPEs, taking into account their forecasting perfor- mances, and to merge them through an ensemble modeling. Then, we apply the procedure to the Italian territory; in addition to illustrating how the procedure works, we investigate other relevant aspects (such as the importance of the focal mecha- nism) of the GMPEs to different site conditions.
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