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Authors: Liuzzo, M.*
Di Muro, A.*
Giudice, G.*
Michon, L.*
Ferrazzini, V.*
Gurrieri, S.*
Title: New evidence of CO2 soil degassing anomalies on Piton de la Fournaise volcano and the link with volcano tectonic structures
Title of journal: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Series/Report no.: 12/16 (2015)
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2015
DOI: 10.1002/2015GC006032
Keywords: CO2 soil degassing anomalies at Piton de la Fournaise
d13C magmatic signature
Close link between anomalous CO2 degassing and the main seismotectonic structures
Abstract: Piton de la Fournaise (PdF) is recognised as one of the world’s most active volcanoes in terms of eruptive frequency and the substantial quantity of lava produced. Yet, with the sole exception of rather modest intracrateric fumarole activity, this seems to be in contrast with an apparent absence of any type of natural fluid emission during periods of quiescence. Measurement campaigns were undertaken during a long-lasting quiescent period (2012-2014) and just after a short lived summit eruption (June 2014) in order to identify potential degassing areas in relation to the main structural features of the volcano (ex. rift zones) with the aim of developing a broader understanding of the geometry of the plumbing and degassing system. In order to assess the possible existence of anomalous soil CO2 flux, 513 measurements were taken along transects roughly orthogonal to the known tectonic lineaments crossing PdF edifice. In addition, 53 samples of gas for C isotope analysis were taken at measurement points that showed a relatively high CO2 concentration in the soil. CO2 flux values range from 10 to 1300 g m-2 d-1 while 13C are between -26.6 to -8‰. The results of our investigation clearly indicate that there is a strong spatial correlation between the anomalous high values of diffusive soil emissions and the main rift zones cutting the PdF massif and, moreover, that generally high soil CO2 fluxes show a d13C signature clearly related to a magmatic origin.
Appears in Collections:04.02.01. Geochemical exploration
04.08.01. Gases
04.08.06. Volcano monitoring
04.04.12. Fluid Geochemistry
04.07.07. Tectonics
Papers Published / Papers in press

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