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AuthorsHobiger, M.* 
Cornou, C.* 
Wathelet, M.* 
Di Giulio, G.* 
Knapmeyer-Endrun, B.* 
Renalier, F.* 
Bard, P. Y.* 
Savvaidis, A.* 
Hailemikael, S.* 
Bihan, N.* 
Ohrnberger, M.* 
Theodoulidis, N.* 
TitleGround structure imaging by inversions of Rayleigh wave ellipticity: sensitivity analysis and application to European strong-motion sites
Issue DateJan-2013
Series/Report no.1/192(2013)
KeywordsInverse theory Surface waves and free oscillations Site effects Computational seismology Wave propagation
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.02. Exploration geophysics::04.02.06. Seismic methods 
AbstractThe knowledge of the local soil structure is important for the assessment of seismic hazards. A widespread, but time-consuming technique to retrieve the parameters of the local underground is the drilling of boreholes. Another way to obtain the shear wave velocity profile at a given location is the inversion of surface wave dispersion curves. To ensure a good resolution for both superficial and deeper layers, the used dispersion curves need to cover a wide frequency range. This wide frequency range can be obtained using several arrays of seismic sensors or a single array comprising a large number of sensors. Consequently, these measurements are time-consuming. A simpler alternative is provided by the use of the ellipticity of Rayleigh waves. The frequency dependence of the ellipticity is tightly linked to the shear wave velocity profile. Furthermore, it can be measured using a single seismic sensor. As soil structures obtained by scaling of a given model exhibit the same ellipticity curve, any inversion of the ellipticity curve alone will be ambiguous. Therefore, additional measurements which fix the absolute value of the shear wave velocity profile at some points have to be included in the inversion process. Small-scale spatial autocorrelation measurements or MASW measurements can provide the needed data. Using a theoretical soil structure, we show which parts of the ellipticity curve have to be included in the inversion process to get a reliable result and which parts can be omitted. Furthermore, the use of autocorrelation or high-frequency dispersion curves will be highlighted. The resulting guidelines for inversions including ellipticity data are then applied to real data measurements collected at 14 different sites during the European NERIES project. It is found that the results are in good agreement with dispersion curve measurements. Furthermore, the method can help in identifying the mode of Rayleigh waves in dispersion curve measurements.
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